What is Hypertension?

Normal blood pressure is 120/80. What is hypertension or high blood pressure? Who is at greatest risk for developing it? Kathy Ianuzzo, RN, of Saint Peter's Community Mobile Health (CMHS), explains the numbers and risks. CMHS can be found throughout the area on a daily basis providing blood pressure screenings.

Some additional info on this last one -- Call 732-745-8600, ext 8903, to schedule a screening at community venues such as senior centers, churches, schools and corporate sites.

Learn more about Hypertension: http://www.saintpetershcs.com/cmhs


Hypertension is a term used to describe high blood pressure. What blood pressure is, is a measurement of the force of the blood as it pumps through your arteries. A normal blood pressure is 120 over 80. The two numbers in a blood pressure, the top number should not be greater than 120, and the lower number should not be greater than 80. The top number is called your systolic pressure and that is a measurement of the force in the arteries as your heart pumps blood. The bottom number is called diastolic blood pressure and that is the measurement of force in the arteries when your heart is at rest.

Anywhere from 120 over 80 to 140 over 90 would be considered pre-hypertension. Pre-hypertension often leads to high blood pressure, hypertension. Anything greater than 140 over 90 is considered high blood pressure or hypertension.

The people at greatest risk for hypertension are African-Americans, also if you have a family history of hypertension, and that's why it's important to know your family history. People who are obese are also at great risk for developing hypertension and long-term stress increases the risk for hypertension. Smoking cigarettes, taking drugs, both street and over-the-counter medication are risks for developing high blood pressure and diabetes also puts you at risk for high blood pressure.

The symptoms of a high blood pressure are sometimes very vague. It could be something just a simple as headache, also confusion, any visual disturbances. Sometimes nausea and vomiting could also be a sign of high blood pressure and nose bleeds. However, it's important to note that hypertension is called the silent killer because you may be walking around with a very, very high blood pressure and have absolutely no symptoms at all. That's why it is wise to have your blood pressure checked frequently because although you may be feeling perfectly fine, you could have high blood pressure.

While there are many causes of hypertension some of the greatest causes would be conditions of the kidney, conditions of the blood vessels and of the nervous system, increased cholesterol also contributes to hypertension and of course, age. As we age, our blood vessels become stiff and that increases our blood pressure. The water and salt ratio in our body contributes to high blood pressure, and also certain hormone levels would also contribute to high blood pressure. Thank you for choosing Saint Peter's.

10 komento:

Is this why I have the feeling of my legs and arms having a "feeling" of moving.
Jesus. I'm 26 and have 140/85. I have to make some life changes.
the back of my head hurts
M Morin
M Morin:
St Peter' Spokesperson is the very best in the demistificatio of Hypertension, Merci
Carolyn Sparks
Carolyn Sparks:
Good information.. thank you.
Shubhangi Khare
Shubhangi Khare:
dr .pulmory hiper tension has any medicine for this?
Dr komal pahwa
Dr komal pahwa:
There are different causes for hypertension the most common is excessive intake of salt, kidney problems, thyroid problems, and congenital defect in blood vessels, obstructive sleep apnea, and certain medication like pain reliever, decongestants, cold remedies, birth control pills, & other prescription drugs.
Heena shabbir
Heena shabbir:
Superb video...👍
How are African Americans are at greater risk?
Cats the jojo fan
Cats the jojo fan:
Oh noes I have hypertension..